December 16, 2012


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Lot 102: Robert Rauschenberg

Lot 102: Robert Rauschenberg

Lattice (Hoarfrost)

Collage and solvent transfer on cloth
Signed and dated in graphite at center of undersheet
Cloth: 59" x 44.5"; Frame: 67.5" x 48.5"
RR #75.010
Provenance: Leo Castelli, New York; Mayor Gallery, London; James Corcoran Gallery, California; Sonnabend Gallery, New York; Private Institution, Midwest Region; Kass Publishing, Indiana; Private Collection, California
Literature: Davidson, Susan, and Walter Hopps. Robert Rauschenberg: A Retrospective. New York: Guggenheim Publications. pp 354-361 (similar examples illustrated).
Estimate: $70,000 - $90,000
Price Realized: $87,500
Inventory Id: 4009

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Throughout his half-century of revolutionary art making, Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) thrived on two principals: innovation and collaboration. By the 1960s, he had already experimented with painting, collage, Combines, theatre, and performance art, rigorously pushing genre boundaries to become an internationally renowned artist. Rauschenberg, however, considered lithography to be an outdated medium, famously stating, “The second half of the twentieth century was no time to start writing on rocks.” When he was living with Jasper Johns in New York in 1961, Rauschenberg helped the passionate printmaker Tatyana Grosman haul two enormous limestone slabs to Johns’ fourth-floor studio. In addition to working with Larry Rivers and Helen Frankenthaler, Grosman executed Johns’ Numbers (0-9), and with the help of Johns, she subsequently encouraged Rauschenberg to overcome his initial aversion to lithography. Finally in 1962, Rauschenberg collaborated with Grosman and her Universal Limited Art Editions (ULAE) studio to devise techniques for transforming his collages and found objects into prints. Working with master printers and other artists including Jim Dine and Jean Tinguely, Rauschenberg created over fifty editions at ULAE, many achieving international awards. Collaborative, experimental, and unprecedented, this was the inception of a lifelong relationship with lithography that began with ULAE, exploded with Gemini G.E.L. in Los Angeles, continued at Styria Studio in New York, and culminated in Rauschenberg’s own Untitled Press in Captiva, Florida.

Kotz, Mary Lynn. Rauschenberg/Art and Life. New York: Abrams, 1990. Print.Davidson, Susan, and Walter Hopps. Robert Rauschenberg: A Retrospective. New York: Guggenheim Publications, 1997. Print.